National conference sets stage for school system change

Thursday March 31 2016

Education stakeholders follow proceedings during the National Education Reforms Conference on March 30, 2016 in Nairobi.

Education stakeholders follow proceedings during the National Education Reforms Conference on March 30, 2016 in Nairobi. Secondary school students will specialise in the subjects they wish to pursue in tertiary institutions, if the radical reforms take effect. PHOTO | JEFF ANGOTE | NATION MEDIA GROUP 

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A national conference on Wednesday set the stage for the review of the 32-year-old curriculum that will be undertaken in nine stages.

The Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) presented a need assessment report to education stakeholders with proposals to review the curriculum which was a survey to ascertain the actual market needs from the stakeholders by establishing the gaps inherent.

Afterward, there will be conceptualisation and policy formulation which entails a study of the findings of the needs assessment to decide the best way in which the market needs can be met.

This is to be followed by a curriculum design which entails the organisation of the subjects to be taught, in which objectives are formulated and relevant content selected on the basis of the level of the target learner.

The development of syllabuses will follow and this involves the packaging of the curriculum design into a usable document and which should include goals of education, level, subject and specific content objectives, methodology, learning experiences, resources and assessment.

KICD will then embark on preparation of curriculum support materials which involves the preparation of instructional materials such as pupils’ books, teachers’ guides, radio programmes, audio materials and charts.

After these materials have been developed, they are to be evaluated by subject specialists in the panels.

The materials will be evaluated with regard to relevance, age suitability and ability of the learners, coverage of skills and attitudes and accuracy among other things.

The approved instructional materials will then be published in the “approved list of school textbooks and instructional materials”.


Then there will be piloting where the curriculum and support materials are to be tried out in selected schools.

The major purpose is to determine the effectiveness of the curriculum in bringing out the desired changes in the learners. An evaluation is to later be conducted.

Before the curriculum is released, there will be teacher preparation. After introduction, there is to be a day-to-day follow up of the implementation of the curriculum.

Later, there will be evaluation after each lesson, weekly, monthly, termly, at the end of each year and, finally, at the end of the cycle.