Provincial Administration and Internal Security permanent secretary Francis Kimemia was a man under siege as the lone voice of government in the afternoon session of the National Dialogue conference.
Prime Minister Raila Odinga took his leave after lunch as did Deputy Prime Minister Musalia Mudavadi and Cabinet ministers James Orengo, Najib Balala, Dalmas Otieno, William ole Ntimama and Attorney-General Amos Wako.
Only the meeting convenor, Mr Kofi Annan, former Justice Minister Martha Karua, and a representative from the African Union remained on the front row that was teeming with dignitaries in the morning.
Mr Kimemia was one of the panellists discussing democracy, rule of law and protection of the citizenry.
Other panellists were Mr Ababu Namwamba, Mr Kathurima M’Inoti, Mr John Githongo and Mr Hassan Omar Hassan.
National Assembly Speaker Kenneth Marende read the keynote speech on the role of Parliament in the reform process.
Themes covered included human rights; police and judicial reform; freedom of expression, demobilisation and disarmament of militias.
There was a detailed presentation on police and security reforms.
The overall consensus seemed to be that the security agencies and the Provincial Administration posed the biggest threat to reform as both seek to retain the status quo.