Trans Nzoia county at a glance - Daily Nation

Trans Nzoia county at a glance

Thursday November 3 2011


Location: Located in the former Rift Valley Province, it borders the Republic of Uganda to the North West, and the following counties; West Pokot to North, Elgeyo Marakwet to the East, Uasin Gishu and Kakamega to the South, and Bungoma to the West and South West.

Area (Km 2): 2,495.5 Km 2

Climate/Weather: Temperatures range from a mean annual minimum of 10°C to a mean maximum of 37°C, with average rainfall amounts of 11,200mm per annum.

Road Network: Bitumen Surface (59.2 Km), Gravel Surface (135 Km), Earth Surface (306.5 Km)

Key National Monument(s): Kitale Museum, Mt. Elgon National Park, Saiwa Swamp National Park


Population: 818,757 (Male – 50 %, Female – 50 %)

Population Density: 328 people per Km 2

National Percentage: 2.12 %

Annual Growth Rate: 4.2 %

Age Distribution: 0-14 years (47.0 %), 15-64 years (50.2 %), 65+ years (2.8 %)

Number of Households: 170,117


County Capital: Kitale Town (Proposed)

Number of Constituencies (2010): 3 (Cherangany, Kwanza, and Saboti)

Registered Voters: 221,863

National percentage: 1.8 %

Number of Districts (2009): 3 (Trans-Nzoia East, West, and Kwanza)

Number of Local Authorities (2010): 2 (Nzoia County Council, Municipal Council of Kitale)


Poverty Level: 5.2 %

Age Dependency Ratio: 100:99

Resources: Water, Arable Land, Livestock, Pasture, Wildlife

Tourist Attractions: Kitale Museum, Mt. Elgon National Park, Kitale Nature Conservancy, Saiwa Swamp National Park

Financial Services: 8 Commercial Banks, 2 Micro-Finance Institutions

Main Economic Activities/industries: Horticulture, Large Scale Maize & Wheat Farming, Tea, Coffee, Commercial Businesses, Fishing

Agricultural Products: Maize, Wheat, Beans, Potatoes, Livestock Products


Number of Institutions (2007): Primary (471), Secondary (120)

Primary: Enrolment (229,408)

Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:52 (Public Schools)

Secondary: Enrolment (24,361)

Teacher to Pupil Ratio: 1:18 (Public Schools)

Tertiary: Over 20 (Includes a University Campus, Nursing College, Farmers Training College, Youth Polytechnic, Teacher Training College, and Several Commercial Colleges)
Adult Literacy Classes: Enrolment – Data Not Available


Health Facilities: 78 – District Hospitals (2), Sub-District Hospitals (2), Dispensaries (33), Health Centres (7), Medical Clinics (28), Nursing Home (2), Other (4)

Doctor to Population Ratio: 1:26,000

Infant Mortality Rates: 60/1000 (Rift Valley)

Under Five Mortality Rates: 12/1000 (Rift Valley)

Prevalent Diseases: Malaria, Upper Respiratory Tract Infections, Diarrhoea, Typhoid, Skin Diseases, Amoebic Dysentery

Notable Hospitals: Kitale District Hospital, Kapsara District Hospital.

Compiled by Institute of Economic Affairs: [email protected]