Court allows gays, lesbians to register umbrella body

Wednesday March 18 2020

National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission Executive Director Eric Gitari. The Court of Appeal has granted gays and lesbians a lee way to register their own umbrella lobby. PHOTO | FILE | NATION MEDIA GROUP


The Court of Appeal has granted gays and lesbians a lee way to register their own umbrella lobby.

In a judgment delivered on Friday, a majority decision of the Court of Appeal held that human beings should not be denied their fundamental rights because of how they choose to live their lives.

This position was taken by judges Philip Waki, Asike Makhandia and Martha Koome while affirming the decision of the High Court.

Justice Waki pointed out that the LGBT community has a right to freedom of association and that the criminal procedure code does not criminalise those that want to form such a group.

"The issue of LGBT is rarely discussed in public. But it cannot be doubted that it is an emotive issue, the reality is that this group does exit and we can no longer deny that,” said Justice Waki.


The judge added: “Let it go down that I will not be the first to throw a stone and harm them."

However, Justice Daniel Musinga and Roselyn Nambuye dissented saying such a case had the capacity of destroying the cultural values of Kenyans, and should not be allowed.

The petition had been filed by Mr Eric Gitari who had alleged discrimination among other grounds. He is the co-founder of the National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission.

His petition was allowed at the High Court in May 2015 but the Non-Governmental Organisations Coordination Board appealed.

"In a society that is diverse as Kenya, there is need for tolerance and in any democratic society there will always be a marginalised group. This appeal therefore lacks merit and is dismissed," said Justice Makhandia.


Justice Isaac Lenaola who is now a Supreme Court judge, together with judges Mumbi Ngugi and George Odunga had four years ago ruled that the Constitution allows recognition and protection of the rights of “every person”, including minority groups such as gays and lesbians.

They said that the Attorney-General, the NGO board and other parties who had opposed the registration of the gay association “may or may not be right about the moral and religious views of Kenyans, but our Constitution does not recognise limitation of rights on these grounds.”

According to Mr Gitari, the core objectives of the lobby would be to promote advancement of human rights while seeking to address violence and abuses suffered by gays and lesbians.


He had presented his request to the NGOs Coordination Board to register a lobby but it was rejected on the basis that it was seeking to protect gays and lesbians.

He therefore moved to the High Court on September 2013 to challenge the refusal.

He asked the court to determine whether as a “person” he is protected by Article 36 of the Constitution, and if so, whether his right to freedom of association had been infringed.

The NGO board and the AG had argued that his right to freedom of association had not been infringed and if limited, such limitation can be justified on the basis of the criminalisation of homosexual intercourse in the Penal Code.