The annual corruption perceptions index, released by Transparency International (TI), has ranked Kenya number 143 of 180 countries that were included in the index for the year 2017.
The index, which ranks countries on a scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean), awarded Kenya a score of 28 ─ a slight improvement from 2016 and 2015 when the country was given 26 and 25 points, respectively.
TI Kenya Executive Director Samuel Kimeu said failure to punish individuals implicated in graft continues to be a major stumbling block.
Incompetence and ineffectiveness of anti-corruption agencies also attributed to the poor ranking, Mr Kimeu said.
Among the East Africa Community countries, Rwanda was the top performer with a score of 55 at position 48.
Tanzania was second with a score of 36 at position 103 followed by Kenya and Uganda which was position 151 with 26 points.
Burundi is the worst performing in the region with a score of 22 points at position 157.
Mr Kimeu said Kenya's score is still lower than the combined average score for Africa which is 32.
TOP AND BOTTOM
In the new report, there were no changes at the top and bottom with New Zealand and Denmark ranked highest with scores of 89 and 88 respective. Syria, South Sudan and Somalia were the lowest with scores of 14, 12 and 9 respectively similar to 2016 .
Western Europe was ranked the best performing region with an average score of 66.
The worst performing regions are Sub-Saharan Africa (average score 32) and Eastern Europe and Central Asia (average score 34).
Botswana emerged the highest ranked country in Africa with a score of 61 followed by Rwanda with a score of 55.
Here is a selection from the rankings.
1. New Zealand 89 points
2. Denmark 88
3. Finland, Norway, Switzerland, equal at 85
6. Singapore, Sweden 84
8. Canada, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Britain 82
12. Germany 81
In the middle
16. United States, Belgium 75 points
20. Japan 73
23. France 70
42. Spain 57
54. Italy 50
71. South Africa 43
77. China 41
81. Turkey 40
135. Russia, Mexico 29
At the bottom
169. Venezuela, Iraq 18 points
171. Libya , North Korea 17
175. Yemen, Sudan 16
177. Afghanistan 15
178. Syria 14
179. South Sudan 12
180. Somalia 9